http://www.cellstemcell.org/index.php/PSC/issue/feed Progress in Stem Cell 2022-01-09T21:16:48+00:00 Lili Hami managingeditor@bmrat.org Open Journal Systems http://www.cellstemcell.org/index.php/PSC/article/view/412 L-ascorbic acid-2-phosphate and Fibrin Substrate Enhances the Chondrogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-derived Stem Cells 2022-01-09T21:16:48+00:00 http://www.cellstemcell.org/public/journals/3/article_412_cover_en_US.png Imam Rosadi imamrosadi@unmul.ac.id Karina Karina phamvanphuc2308@gmail.com Viol Dhea Kharisma phamvanphuc2308@gmail.com Arif Nur Muhammad Ansori phamvanphuc2308@gmail.com <p><strong>Background</strong>: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have been developed as a substitute for chondrocytes in cartilage tissue engineering. This study aimed to evaluate the potency of ascorbic acid to induce the chondrogenic differentiation of human ASCs cultured on fibrin substrate.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: Human ASCs were isolated by an enzymatic process and characterized. The fibrin scaffold was fabricated from human blood as a natural scaffold. The ASCs were cultured in 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) supplemented by ascorbic acid in various concentrations (1, 3, 6 mg/ml) and a control without an ascorbic acid supplementation. The chondrogenic differentiation of the ASCs was evaluated involving glycosaminoglycan analysis, and the mRNA expression of type 2 collagen, aggrecan and type 1 collagen.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Chondrogenic differentiation occurred when the ASCs were supplemented by 3 mg/ml of ascorbic acid and cultured on a fibrin scaffold confirmed by glycosaminoglycan (GAG) analysis, and the mRNA expression of type 2 collagen and aggrecan. The expression of type 1 collagen, which is an osteogenic marker, was low.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: ASCs with a supplementation of 3mg/ml of ascorbic acid cultured on a fibrin substrate promotes chondrogenic differentiation.</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##